A campfire is an open-air fire in a camp that provides you light, warmth, heat for cooking and serves as a focal point for social activity. Researchers conducted a microscopic analysis of plant ash and charred bones and found that early transitional humans built controlled campfires over 1.9 million years ago.
As you know, sitting around the campfire in the pitch darkness and cold of the night is an essential part of any camp because it provides a sanctuary of light and heat. So, Do you want to know how hot a campfire gets? Having the exact temperature condition and information of a campfire is a challenging task. Campfire will have different temperatures at different stages and change depending on the weather.
In this article, you’ll go through all you need to know about campfires and their heat. You will also get information about the best types of wood for burning and tips for making a long-lasting campfire with minimal smoke.
Hot Campfire Importance:
The appreciable human invention of all time is creating fire. A perfect campfire needs an average temperature of 600 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature of a campfire plays a crucial role in each of the activities during camping. This ultimate temperature helps to keep warm. It allows heat liquids and help in cooking meals. It also gives a signal for an emergency.
Did you finish off a beautiful day in the wilderness, and now you want to know how to cook a hearty meal on the campfire. The internal temperature of an immense fire, like a bonfire, can reach a maximum of 2000’F, which is hot enough to melt metals such as gold, silver, bronze, and copper.
Average little campfire can usually reach internal temperatures of around 900°F (42.9 Degrees Celsius), also depends on wind conditions and wood material. That is the extreme heat that can melt lead and tin. Usually, external flames reach a temperature of up to 600′ F (315 ° C) with a campfire of this size; which is commonly referred to as an ideal temperature for cooking.
Affecting Factors Campfire Heat Temperature:
Types Of Fuel: Some types of wood like hickory, oak, cedar, and ash; all are vaunted for building campfires. The dryness of the fuel impacts the heat of the fire. Dry wood burns better than damp wood, and it will reach hotter temperatures soon. You will need kindling and tinder to start the fire and generate a strong foundation for the large chunks that you will add later.
Size of Fire: The Hotness of the campfire depends on the size of the fire flame. You should always focus on a small to medium-sized campfire to keep the blaze manageable. This fire size will be suitable for keeping you warm and also for cooking your food.
The size of firewood also affects the campfire. Approximately 16 inches long and around 3-6 inches wide chunk is ideal as it will burn at a good pace, maximizing heat retention.
Oxygen Flow: The amount of oxygen gas in the atmosphere is responsible for supporting combustion and affects the temperature of a campfire. If there is Oxygen in abundance, it will help the campfire burn at a faster rate.
Positioning of Firewood: Create a teepee-like structure out of kindling above the campfire to begin. Lay your firewood down into the fire pit in such a way as to maintain the teepee structure. It will make sure that enough oxygen flows through the fire. The healthy amount of oxygen flowing from the campfire will burn the wood faster, and it will get too hot.
How Hot is the Hottest Part of the Flame:
The five elementary colors, red, blue, yellow, white, and orange, all tell different temperatures of the flame and coals. This heat is more than enough from the melting point.
The campfire flame will be the blue or white portions with a temperature that shows its hottest part. Its hottest portion can reach 1670 Degrees Fahrenheit or (910°C).
How Hot is the Coolest part of the Flame:
The coolest flames are the result of the bare reaction of the fuel and the oxygen. These cool flames do not get too hot. The deep red color of the campfire shows the coolest flames at temperatures of around 1112 Degrees Fahrenheit (600°C).
Campfire Temperature With The Help of Its Color:
The campfire flame color is an indicator of the heat level. Estimation of temperature from the color of the campfire flames is an easier way to help you decide how hot is a campfire?.
White Flames: These flames are usually the hottest, indicating temperatures around 2500 to 2900 degrees Fahrenheit.
Red Flames: The deep and duller red flames show the fire is cooler. The temperature is likely to be 1112 degrees Fahrenheit.
Yellow Flames: Warm yellow flames are for campfire burns at 2100 to 2500 Degrees Fahrenheit.
Orange Flames: When the color of the flame gets to Orange, then the highest temperature rises to 2012 Degrees.
Blue Flames: Blue flames are much hotter than white. But these flames are rarely seen in campfires.
Best Types Of Wood To Use For A Campfire:
Some of the best types of woods that you can use for your campfire in an emergency.
Ash is an ideal wood for a clean-burning campfire since it burns even when it is green without generating a lot of smoke or sparks. It holds very little moisture. Ash is a dense, heavy hardwood that has excellent properties of long-lasting burning.
Oak is the ultimate wood as a camper that can find almost everywhere you set up your campsite. Oak is a dense hardwood that doesn’t produce ample smoke or sparks because it contains very little resin. Some dry chunks of oak can assure enough warmth throughout the night since this wood burns slowly and steadily and give out enough heat.
This wood has a pleasant smell and ignites easily. It burns hot, which makes it suitable for burning in a campfire. With the slow and steady burning rate, cedarwood, with its sweet aroma, will let you have a good night’s sleep in the very long and cold nights of chilly weather as it creates very enchanting heat.
Hickory is the best wood for your campfire due to its high heating value because of its density. It will keep you warm and help you get your meal ready since it produces long-lasting heat without much smoke.
Fire Safety Measures:
- Make your fire pit large enough to contain your campfire. In this way, it will prevent it from straying in a way that can pose a consequent risk.
- Always avoid lighting a campfire in extremely windy weather conditions.
- You will never leave at any one time a campfire unattended. Make sure someone is around the fire pit to keep the fire contained at all times.
- Always light your fire in an open place. It should be away from handling branches and on relatively level ground
- There should be no burning embers left after you have extinguished the campfire. Use a lot of water and confirm by stirring the mixture that no burning hot coals or embers are left.
If you are planning on going for a camping then check our guide for Best heater for camping tent.